Presentation

I CONGRESS OF INTERNATIONAL LAW
REGIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS SYSTEMS (I CIL)

Human rights face many challenges raised in the World. Indeed, new International Actors (Subjects) appeared, and the relations within this context are fast, complex, and interdependent. Therefore, an awareness of the differences and similarities in conceiving, perceiving, and implementing Human Rights are unavoidable due to the different necessities felt by its several Actors.

Regional Human Rights Systems shows what has just been highlighted.  It is common ground that they may be ineffective and inefficient regarding the access to its mechanisms to those who need them, and who are mostly dependent on legal States implementation.

Behind a Regional Human Rights System are also a historical past and a sociological, cultural, economic, and political background related to each State, its Actors and Individuals. Therefore, they also express different kinds of normativity. These specificities may also contribute to a better understanding and implementation of each Regional Human Rights System.

Nowadays, Human Rights also goes far beyond the relationship between States and Individuals. Therefore, the weight of new non-state actors, such as transnational corporations, are felt within the communities. The relationship between Human Rights Law and Business is of central importance.

Within this multi and interdisciplinary approach, it seems unavoidable to rethink Human Rights Law, in its regional practice, within each economic, cultural, and sociological context behind them.

The First Congress of International Law of NOVA School of Law is a global event whose main objective is to establish a space for debate, reflection, and ideas on the international human rights framework’s most significant current issues.

A particular interest in its first edition in 2021 is the development of an inter and multidisciplinary critical academic debate regarding regional human rights systems.

Therefore, all students, researchers, professionals, activists and those interested in these matters, connected with the various fields of knowledge, are invited to participate in this international dialogue intended to be global and multidisciplinary.

The I CIL will occur on 19 and 20 July 2021 at NOVA School of Law, in Lisbon, Portugal.

Definition of thematic axes

European System of Human Rights​

European Institutions with its legal framework and their importance for the dissemination, implementation, and protection of Human Rights. Namely, the role played on one hand, by the Council of Europe, the Convention of the European Human Rights, the European Court of Human Rights, and on the other hand by the European Union, the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, the Court of Justice of the European Union. All the enhanced has also its historical, cultural, economic; social and political environment which is important for its understanding.

Inter-American System of Human Rights

Inter American Institutions with its legal framework and their importance for the dissemination, implementation, and protection of Human Rights. Namely, the Organisation of American States, the American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, All the enhanced has its historical, cultural, economic; social, and political environment essential for its understanding.

African Human Rights System

African Institutions with its legal framework and their importance for the dissemination, implementation, and protection of Human Rights. Namely, the Organisation for African Unity, the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights, the African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights, the Peace and Security Council of the African Union. All the enhanced has its historical, cultural, economic; social and political environment, essential for its understanding.

Different dynamics between Regional Human Rights Systems itself and, the International Human Rights

System on how the various regional systems have influenced each other throughout their construction and development process. Its main institutional and legal framework similarities and differences. All the enhanced has its historical, cultural, economic, social, and political environment, essential for its understanding.

Other solutions advocated bilaterally or multilaterally between States and/or Regional blocs and/or other Subjects in the International Legal Order to promote and guarantee Human Rights issues.

This axis proposes to reflect on innovative and non-aligned solutions, or at least those that cannot be reconducted to the more classical and doctrinal conception of a “Regional Human Rights System” implemented in any geographical latitude or legal conformation. All the enhanced has its historical, cultural, economic, social and political environment, essential for its understanding.

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